Should energy companies be paying more tax when they’re making huge profits?


8th February 2023

SOME of the world’s biggest oil and gas companies have been making record amounts of money, with their success leading to calls for higher taxes on their profits.

Exxon Mobil, based in the US, announced that it made $56 billion (£46bn) in profits in 2022, a record for any oil company in the Western world. UK-based Shell also said it hit record profits of $39.9bn (£32.2bn), more than double what it earned in 2021.

With a company like Exxon taking in about $6.3m (£5m) every hour last year, some people think oil companies need to pay more tax. It’s become a big issue, especially because lots of people are struggling with the cost of living. Last October, US President Joe Biden accused oil companies of profiting from war, because they are only making so much money because the war in Ukraine has increased the demand for oil and gas.

While the companies are making more money, energy bills have gone up for most people, and many are struggling to afford to pay.

What is a windfall tax?

A windfall tax is an extra tax put on a company that is seen to be making a huge amount of money, especially if it’s seen as far too much. Last year, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak put a 25% windfall tax on oil and gas companies when he was chancellor. It has been increased to 35% by the current chancellor, Jeremy Hunt. But this extra tax only affects the money companies make by digging up oil and gas from UK areas.

With other parts of their business, such as selling petrol at petrol stations, they don’t have to pay the Government extra tax on the money they make from that. Last week, Shell said it would be paying the UK £108m for the money it made in 2022 and expected to pay more than £400m for 2023. BP, another UK gas company, said it would be paying £678m in 2022. It might sound like these companies are paying loads of tax, but the Government has given them ways to pay less.

Companies that drill for oil and gas in the UK parts of the North Sea, like Shell, Exxon and BP, can cut the tax they pay by investing in North Sea oil production. That might mean they pay to build oil rigs, remove existing rigs or hire ships to move the oil. The idea is to encourage companies to invest in the UK to make sure there’s a steady supply of oil and gas.

There are also worries that, if the UK is too strict on the companies, they will just work in other countries that give them a better deal. It’s a delicate balance but, at the moment, it means the companies can pay a lot less tax to the UK, or even none at all.

In the case of Shell, the company says it paid $13bn of tax around the world in 2022, and only a small amount of that goes to the UK because the UK counts for “less than 5%” of the money Shell makes. But, as Shell is based in the UK, some people think it should pay a lot more.

Oil companies and the climate

After Shell announced its record profits, its headquarters were targeted by Greenpeace. Its climate activists set up a tall board like the ones that show the cost of fuel at petrol stations. The sign highlights Shell’s £32.2bn 2022 profits with a question mark over the amount it’s paid for climate damage.

Greenpeace wants Shell and other oil companies to take responsibility for their role in the climate crisis and pay for its effects. Meanwhile, an example of the effects of the oil industry has been highlighted by Amnesty International, which is raising awareness about two communities in Nigeria who are suing Shell. They say that the company’s oil spills have poisoned their land and drinking water and made them unable to make a living from fishing and farming.

People living there have been trying to get Shell to clean up the mess for seven years now. Osai Ojigho, Director of Amnesty International Nigeria, said: “Had this level of contamination and pollution occurred in Europe or North America [instead of Africa], it is hard to imagine that there would not have been swift and severe consequences.”

Should energy companies be paying more tax when they’re making huge profits?


Leave a Reply

laxviji@gm · 1 year ago

They are rich so the money they pay could be helping the poor. If they can afford the tax, then why not?

aces10 · 1 year ago

Especially with the cost of living crisis, the government is needing lots of money to pay for the running of the country, and to support those in poverty. Oil and gas companies should definitely pay more tax on the money they make, which could be invested by the government to help the environment. How can big businesses just sit there with heaps of money, while some people can’t even afford food?

austria · 1 year ago

they worked hard for the money.

i support oil companies not the enviroment

so NO!!!!

ivansp2011 · 1 year ago

I cna't help to notice that whilst companies are putting up prices for energy because of the war, they get bigger profits. How would they get bigger profits if they are cut back from resources because of the war? They are so rich, I think they could definitely pay mor tax, and still have enough money to keep their company going. · 1 year ago

It's not fair for people with low incomes to have to pay lots of tax out of their money when oil and gas companies are earning so much and don't have to pay very much tax considering what they earn.

flamingo27 · 1 year ago

Many families across the UK are struggling to pay their large energy bills, my grandparents were shocked after they received their enormous bill and it seems unfair that when energy companies are earning lots of money from families that are paying exceptionally high bills that they are not reducing bills. If they are rich and have the money they should reduce the money as they do not need more as some families cannot even afford food or warmth.

randomico · 1 year ago

A lot of problems could be solved if the rich people would just give money instead of hogging it

max1234 · 1 year ago

Now where’s that teeny weeny bit of kindness gone?

axolotl- · 1 year ago

This is soo unfair, my family can afford things like energy bills but bills may make people end up homeless these prices are outrageous

enderman10 · 1 year ago

Definitely because they are destroying the planet.

trixx · 1 year ago

yes 100% they can easily afford it and people are struggling