General Election Dictionary

It can be confusing to work out what is going on around a general election. What do all the words mean? Check here for some handy key words and phrase explained.

General Election Dictionary

ballot paper – a printed list of all the candidates. Voters then mark the paper with an ‘X’ to choose who they vote for, before putting it in the sealed ballot box.

candidate – a person that voters can choose to vote for in an election. They are normally chosen to stand by the political party they represent.

constituency – Each part of the country where the population chooses someone to represent them in Parliament.

democracy – people choose who is in charge of their country by voting in a general election, like in the UK.

devolution – when some power is transferred from central Government (in Westminster) to specific regions, like the Scottish Parliament.

elect – when you choose someone to represent you by voting for them.

election – the way in which people are chosen to represent others, say in Parliament.

majority – when one political party has more MPs than all of the other parties put together.

manifesto – a list of aims and objectives outlining what a person or political party intends to do if they win an election.

Parliament – the place where the country’s laws and policies are discussed and agreed.

polling station – a building, like a school or community centre, where voting takes place during an election.

turnout – the percentage of people who cast their vote in an election.